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Magnesium is used as a reducing agent during synthesis of organic chemicals, particularly for Grignard reactions, organometallic chemical reactions in which alkyl, vinyl or aryl-magnesium halides (sometimes called Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone. Many Grignard reagents are used as intermediate chemicals in the production of pharmaceutical products. These organic intermediates are also used to produce flavors, fragrances, agricultural products, adhesives and catalysts. The reaction is named for its discoverer, French chemist Fran├žois Auguste Victor Grignard, who won the 1912 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work in this area.